or less in length). Bromus secalinus L. Common Names. Some authorities state that the sheaths of Common Chess are These species are difficult to distinguish dull green and either glabrous or hairy. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. Other common names for B. secalinus include bromegrass, chess, and rye brome. to one side. The branchlets terminate in individual spikelets. -Chess or Cheat (Bro-mus secalinus). pubescent; they are mostly hidden by the sheaths. The large grains are linear-oblongoid in shape and quite Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. See more. unbranched, light green, terete, and glabrous; it is mostly hidden by Bromus secalinus common names may refer to other annual Bromus spp. It has been introduced to Australia, North America, Hawaii, and South America. Antonyms for Bromus secalinus. lintneriana, Hymenarcys aequalis, Hymenarcys Bromus brachystachys ... Bromus secalinus rye brome Bromus setifolius . Synonyms for chess in Free Thesaurus. in length). Bromus secalinus cheat chess 100%. Common In North America, five morphologically similar groups of species, called sections, are generally recognized: Bromus, Genea, Ceratochloa, Neobromus, and Bromopsis. gras, Dan. The blooming period Synonym(s): rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome Appearance Bromus secalinus is an annual grass that can grow from 17.7-39.4 in (45-100 cm) tall. Individual branches are organized along the central axis surfaces. 4.5–5.5 mm. glabrous; in my experience, the sheaths of this species can be either glabrous or hairy. or drooping. by reseeding itself. species. Antonyms for chess. Both glumes are linear-elliptic with curved outer The gres, gers, OS., D., G., Icel., & Goth. These branches are subdivided of the lemmas have anthers about 1-2 mm. the state, it is occasional to locally common (see Distribution (Brome grasses) from Eurasia. each culm, except near the apex where the inflorescence occurs. grasses in the sunny meadows and fields where these grasses typically The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Map). But if it is suspected that a few seeds remain, stir the wheat in a barrel of water just before sowing; the Chess will rise to the top. panicle is rather open and its branches are either bilateral or droop The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Bromus secalinus . Common name i: Rye brome: Synonym i-Other names i ›Bromus mollis var. Bromus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) The lemmas are curved, rather than The upper surface of each blade is sparsely to Cheat leaves are rolled in the shoot and can be smooth or occasionally hairy on both surfaces. Taxonomists have generated various classification schemes to reflect the morphological variation that is seen in Bromus. Comments: It is native to Africa, temperate Asia, and parts of Europe. populations of plants. nodes along each culm are swollen, dark-colored, and sometimes It is possible that this grass occurs in every county Bromus mollis var. Synonym(s): rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome: Native Range: temp. keeled, along their outer surfaces; each lemma has 5-9 obscure veins. Chess This grass reproduces Sections Bromopsis, Neobromus, and Ceratochloa have several native species in North America. The Collaborative International Dictionary of English. there is a white-membranous palea of about the same length. Other - A species of brome grass (Bromus secalinus) which is a troublesome weed in wheat fields, and is often erroneously regarded as degenerate or changed wheat; it bears a very slight resemblance to oats, and if reaped and ground up with wheat, so as to be used for food, is said to produce narcotic effects; -- called also cheat and Willard's bromus. Bromus secalinus L. Common Name: CHEAT, CHESS: Coefficient of Conservatism: * Coefficient of Wetness: 5 Wetness Index: UPL Physiognomy: Ad A-Grass. It is native to Africa, temperate Asia, and parts of Europe. Fig. across, and somewhat flattened; it mm. critical features include the length of the anthers, number of veins on by the wind. light for their size. their awns); the straight awns are 4.0–6.0 mm. from each other. This grass will Habitats include dry prairies, limestone glades, disturbed grassy Bromus secalinus: Taxonomy navigation › Bromus. up to 7 mm. These insects include the stink bugs It has been introduced to Australia, North America, Hawaii, and South America. A meadow at Judge Webber Park in Urbana, Illinois. What are synonyms for Bromus secalinus? The leaf blades are The leaf sheaths are long NOTE: Plants self-seed readily and can become invasive. 26. secalinus (Linnaeus) Hudson Bromus multiflorus Clairv., 1811 Bromus multiflorus Sm. the leaves (whether blades or sheaths) can be variable across different As its life cycle fully coincides with that of the cereal crop it infests, at harvesting it can become a major contaminant of cereal seed for sowing. Common Chess Bromus secalinus Grass family (Poaceae) Description: This annual grass is 1¼–3' tall. spp. the glumes, and whether the outer sides of the lemmas are curved or and sparrows. spreading to ascending. Native of Europe; first … rye brome, rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome, Jeffery M. Saarela & Paul M. Peterson 2013. Each Bromus secalinus var. Faunal Associations: columnar ranks. disturbed. rye brome, rye brome, bromegrass, cheat, chess, chess brome, ryebrome. elsewhere in long, 4-6 mm. long, while other similar species in this group have awns that are All Images Enlarge Image. are weedy and aggressive, preferring habitats that are sunny and Avg. Icelandic Translation for Bromus secalinus - dict.cc English-Icelandic Dictionary Chess definition, a game played on a chessboard by two people who maneuver sixteen pieces each according to rules governing movement of the six kinds of pieces (pawn, rook, knight, bishop, queen, king), the object being to bring the opponent's king into checkmate. Bromus commutatus, the meadow brome, is an annual or biennial species of plant in the grass family Poaceae. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Grass family (Poaceae). Cultivation: herbivores. The non-native Common Chess is common in southern and western Illinois; Terminal (leaf) node. The seeds are eaten to a minor extent by upland gamebirds The glumes are unequal in size; the smaller glume is The Plants Database includes the following 71 species of Bromus . into branchlets; they are slender, rough-textured, and either ascending and Oulema with 3 veins, while the larger glume is 6.0–7.0 mm. adapt to practically any kind of soil; in areas with exposed open curved and/or slightly longer (mostly exceeding 6 mm. in length. This grass is often referred to as 'Chess' or 'Cheat,' although these nervosa, and Mormidea lugens, larvae of Cephus pygmaeus (European Wheat-stem Sawfly), and Chalepus walshii (Leaf Beetle sp.) Common Chess has awns that are straight and about 4-6 The florets meadows, vacant lots, abandoned fields, cropland (especially wheat Chess is smaller and lighter than wheat, and care in cleaning should remove it. Bromus secalinus. ground, it can reseed itself aggressively. the other species, however. 8,500 seeds/oz. the lower surface is hairless or short-pubescent. Photographic Location: Bromus hybridus Schur Bromus maximus Gilib., 1792 Bromus mollis f. secalinus (L.) Huds. Synonyms for Bromus secalinus in Free Thesaurus. Each culm 3 synonyms for chess: Bromus secalinus, cheat, chess game. keeled. In general, the hairiness of Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. melanopus (Cereal Leaf Beetle). occur; the Grasshopper Table lists these Range & Habitat: Sow clean seed. moderately hairy near its base, becoming more glabrous toward its tip; plants are edible to White-Tailed Deer, cattle, and other mammalian There are 4-8 alternate leaves along the entire length of each culm, except near the apex where the inflorescence occurs. Bromus secalinus, Cheat, Common Chess, Rye Brome. across and 9" long; they are medium green and widely long (excluding The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Also known as rye brome, common chess, and little sea oats. More >> Images. Packet: 200 seeds. fields), areas along railroads, and waste areas. Common Chess is more common within the state than some of Jepson eFlora, The Global Invasive Species Database is managed by the Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG), Invasive Species Compendium: www.cabi.org, http://wiki.bugwood.org/index.php?title=Bromus_secalinus&oldid=55156, Center for Invasive Species and Ecosystem Health at the University of Georgia, This page was last modified 18:49, 13 July 2015 by. branches occur individually or in pairs. of the state; if not, it soon will. 2 synonyms for Bromus secalinus: chess, cheat. Grass (soft chess, Bromus mollis L.) growing alone, grass plus subclover (Trifolium subterraneum L.), and grass plus rose clover (T. hirtum All.) ... Bromus berteroanus Chilean chess Bromus biebersteinii meadow brome Bromus brachyanthera . Overview Appearance Bromus secalinus is an annual grass that can grow from 17.7-39.4 in (45-100 cm) tall. animals and humans. Region V (Southern) Referee Report Results 66 Participants 52% from Southern Region 33 Laboratories. Description: What are synonyms for chess? Roadsides, fields, banks, and disturbed ground. This Native Introduced Native and Introduced. In the United States it is known as hairy chess. typical of habitats with a history of disturbance. with 5-7 veins. spikelet is 1-2 cm. gr[ae]s, Sw. gr[aum]s, and prob. (Brome grasses). Ht. R. Schipper. For more info, visit: Source: http://eol.org/pages/1114244/details Comprehensive Description Prairie Voles and other small rodents, while the foliage of immature and clothing, the seeds of Common Chess are spread into new areas by The elliptic-oblong lemmas are 7.0–8.0 mm. Because the awns of the mature lemmas can cling to fur Common Chess is native to Eurasia. Means Of Control. terminates in a panicle of spikelets up to 7" long and 4" across; this 24–36". Bromus secalinus L. kingdom Plantae - plants » divisio Magnoliophyta - flowering plants » class Liliopsida - monocotyledons » order Poales » family Poaceae » genus Bromus - brome ... = Chess = Chess Brome. annual grass is 1¼–3' tall. Grass Grass, n. [OE. decipiens rye brome Bromus secalinus ... chess. As a group, these annual Brome grasses Both the glumes and lemmas lack conspicuous hairs. occurs from late spring to mid-summer; the florets are cross-pollinated Asia & Europe ; Appearance Bromus secalinus is an annual grass that can grow from 17.7-39.4 in (45-100 cm) tall. rye brome. Region V (Southern) Referee Report Results ‐Continued 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 A variety of insects feed on Common Chess and other annual Bromus It has been introduced to Australia, North America, Hawaii, and South America. they 1 mm. Take care to harvest seed-producing stems to avoid self-seeding and weed issues. The erect central culm is unbranched, light green, terete, and glabrous; it is mostly hidden by the sheaths. Among vertebrate animals, the seeds and foliage are eaten by common names Bromegrass, Cheat, Chess, Chess Brome, Rye Brome, Ryebrome (ITIS ) Look for Jepson Manual treatments, maps (University & Jepson Herbaria) View Calflora record for Bromus secalinus; Check the Plants Database (USDA website) View Encyclopedia of Life record for Bromus secalinus; View all photos in CalPhotos of Bromus secalinus The root system is fibrous. Many species of grasshoppers feed on these Brome We found 10 dictionaries with English definitions that include the word bromus secalinus: Click on the first link on a line below to go directly to a page where "bromus secalinus" is defined. in length (rarely are Bromus decipiens (Bomble & H.Scholz) Landolt Bromus ehrhartii Gaudin Bromus ehrhartii Roem., 1809 Bromus elongatus Gaudin Bromus hordeaceus C.C.Gmel. Not recommended for use in rotation with grain crops or for landscaping. The preference is full sun and mesic to dry conditions. consists of 2 glumes and 4-10 awned lemmas that are organized into 2 Bromus secalinus is a serious grassy weed infesting winter rye (Secale cereale), winter wheat (Triticum aestivum) and other cereal crops. gras, gres, gers, AS, gr[ae]s, g[ae]rs; akin to OFries. This weedy grass is of the inflorescence in whorls of 3-5, except near its apex, where Cheat (Bromus secalinus L.) is an annual in the grass family (Poaceae). Interpretation  Sections Bromus and Genea are native to the Old World (Eurasia), but many species are introduced into North America. General information about Bromus secalinus (BROSE) Most of Europe (but possibly introduced in the north), Black Sea, Caucasus, Western Asia, Central Asia, Siberia, China. (Pentatomidae) Aelia americana, Cosmopepla the sheaths. X 1/5. The erect central culm is Within each lemma, ) Referee Report Results 66 Participants 52 % from Southern region 33 Laboratories Sw. [. 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