[5] Reports from the 1960s suggest that it once also occurred in the coastal zone, however it is now thought to be extinct there. It doesn’t have a tail, and therefore relies on its slender limbs and strong hands and feet while climbing. They make nests out of leaves or find hollows of trees or a similar secure place to live in. The Red Slender Loris, Valencia. The red slender loris is endemic to (i.e. View Show abstract It is widely trapped and killed for use in supposed remedies for eye diseases and get killed by snakes, dogs, and some fish. Grupo valenciano de música Indie Rock en castellano, influencias de grupos como Arctic Monkeys, The Strokes, The Black Keys o The Last Shadow Puppets. Why we are there Most species are around 10 inches long, though some species are larger or smaller than others. The species has been identified as a global conservation priority by ZSL’s EDGE of Existence programme due to its evolutionary uniqueness and threatened status. Pictures & Facts On The Iconic Animals Of North America, With FREE Printable Worksheet, Best North American Wildlife Field Guides: Recommended Books On The Wildlife Of North America, Christmas Animals: Animals Associated With Christmas From All Around The World, What Is Biology About & Why Biology Is Important, American Crocodile Facts, Pictures & In-Depth Information. The red slender loris’s forward-facing eyes give it ‘binocular vision’, enabling it to judge distances better than animals with eyes on the sides of their heads. L. tardigradus tardigradus is reddish brown in the back and creamy yellow below, while L. tardigradus nycticeboides is dark brown dorsally and very light brown in upperparts. Slender lorises feed mostly on … Sri Lanka is an island country located in the Indian Ocean off of the southeast tip of India. Loris lydekkerianus is now considered a separate slender loris species found in India and Sri Lanka, while Loris tardigradus is a slender loris species found exclusively in Sri Lanka. The latter is endemic to Sri Lanka, and both species have two subspecies according to the latest classifications. [11] The limited available evidence suggests there may be only about 100 animals still existing, which would make it among the top five most-threatened primates worldwide. The metabolic rate of the red slender loris is slow for its body size. Nekaris [CC BY-SA 4.0]Typically, the red slender loris moves in the trees very slowly using fluid, silent movements. The most common plant species eaten was Humboldtia laurifolia, occurring at 676 trees/ha, with overall density at 1077 trees/ha. The red slender loris is a focal EDGE species, and the rarity of L. t. nycticeboides resulted in it being listed as one of the world’s 25 most endangered primates. The groups also undertake mutual grooming and play at wrestling. Slender Loris In Sri Lanka . It is between 6-10 in. The most common plant species eaten was Humboldtia laurifolia, occurring at 676 trees/ha, with overall density at 1077 trees/ha. Other threats include their use in traditional medicine, collection for the pet trade, and collisions with vehicles on roads. They are primarily insectivorous but also eat bird eggs, berries, leaves, buds and occasionally invertebrates as well as geckos and lizards. It will also eat bird eggs and small vertebrates such as frogs and lizards. The red slender loris favors lowland rainforests (up to 700 m in altitude), tropical rainforests and inter-monsoon forests of the south western wet-zone of Sri Lanka. The red slender loris differ from its close relative the gray slender loris in its frequent use of rapid arboreal locomotion. The slender loris is about the size of a chipmunk, with long, pencil-thin arms and legs. The mother nurses her young for 6 to 7 months. The milk of the red slender loris is very high in fat and protein. There are two distinct species of lorises in Sri Lanka: The grey slender loris (Loris lydekkerianus) and the red slender loris (Loris tardigradus). Also in the family Lorisidae are around eight species of slow loris. Photo by Alex Pyron [CC BY-SA 3.0]. Male lorises venture further than females, and have home ranges that overlap those of several females. Gestation lasts between 166 and 175 days, after which the female gives birth to single infant (or occasionally, twins). The red slender loris has extremely thin arms and legs and is arboreal (tree dwelling). Its body length on average is 7–10 in (180–250 mm), with an average weight of a mere 3–13 oz (85–369 g). The Red Slender Loris can be found hanging around in the rainforests of Sri Lanka; Their name most likely stems from the incredibly skinny arms and legs – they are definitely not weight lifting primates; You may have noticed the large, round eyes (how could you miss it) that dominate the face of the Red Slender Loris. [8], The red slender loris was identified as one of the top-10 "focal species" in 2007 by the Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered (EDGE) project. [12], Evolutionarily Distinct and Globally Endangered, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T12375A3338689.en, "A Novel Foraging Technique Observed in Slender Loris (Loris lydekkerianus malabaricus) Feeding on Red Ants in the Western Ghats, India", http://www.spiegel.de/wissenschaft/natur/0,1518,707502,00.html, "Rare Sri Lankan primate gets 1st wide-eyed closeup", "Found: Sri Lankan primate thought to be extinct for 60 years", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Red_slender_loris&oldid=995127728, Articles with failed verification from April 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 11:12. The mating system of the red slender loris may be ‘promiscuous’ (a system in which both sexes mate with multiple partners) or it may involve males competing for females. Its large eyes that face forward, giving it excellent night vision as well as superb depth perception. [8] The late 2009 capture by a team working under the Zoological Society of London's EDGE programme has resulted in the first detailed physical examination of the Horton Plains sub-species and the first-ever photographs of it. The gestation period is 166–169 days after which the female will bear 1–2 young which feed from her for 6–7 months. The red slender loris is arboreal (tree-dwelling) and has several adaptations for this lifestyle. Other types of communication between individuals include facial expressions, body postures and gestures. Though there are several different species of Lorises, they are quite similar in shape and size. Read real reviews and see ratings for Wakefield, MA Day Cares near you to help you pick the right pro Day Care. Zoom out to see where it is in relation to your own country. The red slender loris primarily consumes insects such as moths, cockroaches, grasshoppers, dragonflies, stick insects and beetles. The Red Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) is a small, nocturnal prosimian native to the rainforests of Sri Lanka and Southern India. The red slender loris primarily consumes insects such as moths, cockroaches, grasshoppers, dragonflies, stick insects and beetles. They have soft, dense fur and it is reddish/brown in colour with a silver/grey coloured underside. All Rights Reserved. The eyes are orange-brown in color, and each is surrounded by a dark patch of fur. Habitat destruction as well as capturing for animal testing are also major threats. It will also eat bird eggs and small vertebrates such as frogs and lizards. They aren’t nearly as lanky and long legged as other primates. Until the ’00s virtually nothing was known about the distribution or conservation status of this cryptic species. The red slender loris may also be capable of leaping over short distances. The red slender loris is the smallest of the slender lorises, with a weight of 3–6 ounces (85–172 grams) and a length of 4.5–6.5 inches (12–17 cm). Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. This slender loris is an endangered species. The ears are round and thin, with little or no hair along the edges. News and facts about animals, natural history and science. (The large eyes are an adaptation for hunting in the trees at night). Follow the link below to find out more and to sign up! It is often killed for its use in eye medicine by quacks. As this occurs, the red slender loris is able to consume these ants. The loris’s snout is somewhat pointed and ends with a fleshy tip. The red slender loris is well-adapted for life in the trees. Urine marking is also used extensively by the red slender loris. Click the picture above for more details & to view free sample pages! Every part of a prey animal is consumed, including bones and scales. Masmullah Proposed Forest Reserve harbors one of few remaining red slender loris populations, and is considered a biodiversity hotspot. Each of the two red slender loris subspecies is found in a different habitat: During the day, red slender lorises form small sleeping groups that typically consist of an adult female, her offspring, and an adult male. The two species of slender loris (the red slender loris [Loris tardigradus] and the gray slender loris [L. lydekkerianus]) of India and Sri Lanka are about 20–25 cm (8–10 inches) long and have long slender limbs, small hands, a rounded head, and a pointed muzzle. These include: long bones, very strong digits, and joints that are highly mobile. only found in) Sri Lanka. The red slender loris is unusually social for a nocturnal primate. Loris tardigradus nycticeboides has dark brown upperparts and light brown undersides. Females are dominant. Rainforest Animals List with Pictures & Facts, Endangered Animals List with Pictures & Facts, Woolly Mammoth Facts For Kids & Adults: Discover A Famous Ice Age Animal, Pygmy Rabbit Facts, Pictures & Information: Discover The World’s Smallest Rabbit, Famous Volcanoes: A List Of Well-Known Volcanoes & Volcanic Eruptions, With Locations, Pictures & Facts, Jurassic Animals – A List Of Animals That Lived In The Jurassic Period (That Weren’t Dinosaurs! 22 of the 100 EDGE mammal species worldwide considered the most evolutionarily distinct and globally endangered. Masmullah Proposed Forest Reserve harbors one of few remaining red slender loris populations, and is considered a biodiversity hotspot. The Red slender loris has a curious appearance, being a small primate with very big red eyes, rounded ears, and arms and legs which are long and slim. This is #6 of the 10 focal species and #22 of the 100 EDGE mammal species worldwide considered the most evolutionarily distinct and globally endangered. The red slender loris is a small primate found in the rainforests of Sri Lanka. Discover amazing animals from all around the world. When not sleeping, the members of the group engage in grooming, huddling, play-biting and play-wrestling behavior. This is No. Showing page 1. Click on the photo below to discover this week’s animal! It is found in the Indo-Malayan Realm. Slender lorises are omnivorous, but unlike the other loris species, they depend on insects as their primary food source. red-slender-loris definition: Noun (plural red slender lorises) 1. As it is with many species, its future dependends on human intervention and the protection of forest habitats Characterised by enormous eyes and long, thin limbs, the red slender loris (Loris tardigradus) is a small nocturnal primate found only in Sri Lanka. The Horton Plains slender loris is generally classified as a subspecies of Sri Lanka's red slender loris. The Red Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) is a species of concern belonging in the species group "mammals" and found in the following area(s): Sri Lanka. The ears are less prominent in L. tardigradus tardigradus compared to Loris lydekkerianus. It has long, thin, highly-agile limbs. It is listed as endangered by IUCN and in CITES Appendix II. [11][12] The sub-species was rediscovered in 2002 by a team led by Anna Nekaris in Horton Plains National Park. Join for free! A third subspecies, the northwestern red slender loris (Loris tardigradus parvus), was suggested in a study published in 2017. Habitat destruction is a major threat. Both slender loris species are unique among the members of the family Lorisidae in many respects. There are grey and red slender lorises, slow lorises, and pygmy slow lorises. Its face is dominated by huge round eyes which give it excellent night vision and enable it to hunt for insects during the night. Two subspecies have been identified, L. t. tardigradus and L. t. nycticeboides. Dorsal pelage is red to reddish-brown, darkest on the shoulders and paler on the lower back and pelvis. In loris …species of slender loris (the red slender loris [ Loris tardigradus] and the gray slender loris [ L. lydekkerianus ]) of India and Sri Lanka are about 20–25 cm (8–10 inches) long and have long slender limbs, small hands, a rounded head, and a pointed muzzle. However, it is also able to switch to a faster type of locomotion known as ‘rapid quadrupedalism’, which is used around 26% of the time. Found 0 sentences matching phrase "Red Slender Loris".Found in 0 ms. The young of both subspecies are grayish in color. Two species of slender loris are generally recognised: the grey slender loris (Loris lydekkerianus, 4 subspecies) and the red slender loris (L. tardigradus, 2 subspecies). During daylight hours the animals sleep in groups in branch tangles, or curled up on a branch with their heads between their legs. This ability sets it apart from the slow-moving gray slender loris. There are two species of Slender Loris, the only members of the genus ‘Loris’: the Red Slender Loris (Loris tardigradus) and the Grey Slender Loris (Loris lydekkerianus). Individuals are known to live for 196.8 months and can grow to 249.22 g. Reproduction is dioecious. Originally documented in 1937, there have only been four known encounters in the past 72 years,[10] and for more than 60 years until 2002 the sub-species had been believed to be extinct. They have a body length between 11.6 and 17 cms (4.6 - 6.7 inches), they do not have a tail and they weigh between 103 and 172 g (2.6 - 6.1 oz). The Slender Loris is a rare, primitive primate found in the forests of Sri Lanka. It communicates using a variety of vocalizations, which include loud whistles, chitters, growls, screams and other calls. The big toe opposes the other 4 toes for a pincer-like grip on branches and food. This small, slender primate is distinguished by large forward-facing eyes used for precise depth perception, long slender limbs, a well-developed index finger, the absence of tail, and large prominent ears, which are thin, rounded and hairless at the edges. Females are thought to breed twice a year. Two subspecies have been identified, L. t. tardigradus and L. t. nycticeboides. You can see Sri Lanka on the map below. In addition, they have been observed eating eggs and sm… Red slender loris facts, pictures, video and information. There are only two species in its genus, Loris. The red slender loris is a nocturnal primate species endemic to Sri Lanka’s biodiversity—rich, yet anthropogenically disturbed “Wet Zone”. Copyright © 2020 ActiveWild.com. To maximize protein and nutrient uptake they consume every part of their prey, including the scales and bones. Loris tardigradus tardigradus is the smallest slender loris, weighing from 128 g to 142 g and with a head-body length not exceeding 206 mm. During the night, the lorises disperse to forage alone. Older young stay behind in a sheltered location while the mother goes foraging. Red Slender Loris is a solitary, nocturnal insectivore. Scientific Name: Loris tardigradus Commonly found in the tropical scrub and deciduous forests as well as the dense hedgerow plantations bordering farmlands of Southern India and Sri Lanka, the Slender Loris is a small, nocturnal primate. Like the other lorises, the slender loris is a solitary, nocturnal feeder. Loris tardigradus (Red Slender Loris) is a species of primates in the family Lorisidae. The red slender loris is a member of the family Lorisidae. It illustrates some of the key ideas for application of PAO by considering a conservation issue from Sri Lanka, that of the red slender loris (Loris tardigradus). The red slender loris’s pale face is dominated by its two large, round, forward-facing eyes. Strepsirrhini is one of the two main primate groups, the other being the suborder Haplorhini, which contains apes (including humans), monkeys and tarsiers. The red slender loris (Loris tardigradus) is a small, nocturnal strepsirrhine primate native to the rainforests of Sri Lanka. Unlike monkeys, they do not have long tails, but they do have a short stub of a tail. The group sleeps during the daylight hours in branch tangles or in tree hollows. Humboldtia laurifolia is vulnerable and has a mutualistic relationship with ants, providing abundant food for lorises. The ears of L. tardigradus nycticeboides are almost invisible. The Red Slender Loris is one of two slender loris species, the other one being the grey slender loris. 239 likes. The red slender loris hunts alone at night. ), North American Animals List. Currently, two subspecies of red slender loris are recognized: the Dry Zone slender loris Loris tardigradus tardigradus (also known as the western, or lowland red slender loris) , and the Horton Plains red slender loris Loris tardigradus nycticeboides (also known as the montane slender loris) . The red slender loris is rated ‘Endangered’ by the IUCN. In this species, however, it appears that adult males and females sometimes forage in pairs. They forage, and while doing so, ants may stick to the back of their hands[6]. [4] Two subspecies have been identified, L. t. tardigradus and L. t. The Lorises have four limbs that are about the same length. The Red Slender Loris is an endangered animal. Every part of a prey animal is consumed, including bones and scales. Active Wild Pinterest Active Wild Facebook. H. laurifolia is vulnerable and has a mutualistic relationship with ants, providin… Red Slender Loris translation in English-Tamil dictionary. This loris has a four-way grip on each foot. It has a dark face mask with central pale stripe, much like the slow lorises. This species mates while hanging upside down from branches; individuals in captivity will not breed if no suitable branch is available. Their faces are round, their eyes are large, and they have colored patches of fur around their eyes. Lilia Bernede, Robert Davies, K. Anne-Isola Nekaris, Asoka Gunawardene, Simon K. Bearder, Vocalizations of Red Slender Lorises (Loris tardigradus tardigradus) in Masmullah Proposed Forest Reserve, Sri Lanka, Leaping Ahead, 10.1007/978-1-4614-4511-1, (271-278), (2013). It is likely that the small animal falls victim to a number of predators, including viverrids (genets and civets), felids (cats) and raptors (birds of prey). The slender loris' round head is dominated by two large, closely set, saucer-like brown eyes. 6 of the 10 focal species and No. They can live up to 18 years in the wild. Its hands and feet have opposable digits that allow it to grasp onto branches. Threatened by habitat loss, it is among the world’s most endangered mammals. [9], One early success has been the rediscovery of the virtually unknown Horton Plains slender loris (Loris tardigradus nycticeboides). The red slender loris (Loris tardigradus) is a small, nocturnal strepsirrhine primate native to the rainforests of Sri Lanka. The courtship may last for hours, during which both the male and the female loris vocalize extensively. The soft dense fur is reddish-brown color on the back, and the underside is whitish-grey with a sprinkling of silver hair. ActiveWild.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon stores. They have a slow rate of metabolism which allows them to digest things that may not be eaten by other animals like the gum of trees. (15-25cm) long and has a small, vestigial tail. (275-348g). This species is also known by the following name(s): Loris ceylonicus, Loris gracilis, Loris zeylanicus. The red slender loris has brachial glands on the inside of its arms which produce volatile chemicals which may have a predator-deterring function. They have a highly developed sense of smell, which they use to locate insect prey in the dark. nycticeboides.[1]. The adults typically hunt separately during the night. This species is among the most social of the nocturnal primates. [7] Other threats include: electrocution on live wires, road accidents and the pet trade. It is thought that chemicals present in insects consumed by the red slender loris may be used by the animal to mask its own smell; during foraging, the loris frequently rubs urine over itself. Photo: Dr. K.A.I. (It’s completely free, you can unsubscribe at any time, and we’ll never share your details.). The red slender loris (Loris tardigradus) is a small, nocturnal strepsirrhine primate native to the rainforests of Sri Lanka.This is #6 of the 10 focal species and #22 of the 100 EDGE mammal species worldwide considered the most evolutionarily distinct and globally endangered. It weighs about 10.5-12 oz. Its slender limbs are very good for climbing trees and catching large insects. Females are a little smaller than males and weigh between 3.5 and 5 ounces (103–148 grams). They generally move slowly or creep although they can move quickly to grab prey. Loris tardigradus tardigradus has a reddish-brown coat with creamy yellow undersides. Plant matter, including fruit, berries, leaves and buds, also forms part of the loris’s diet. The lifespan of this species is believed to be around 15–18 years in the wild. The greatest threat to both subspecies is habitat loss. The female reaches her sexual maturity at 10 months and is receptive to the male twice a year. Little is known about red slender loris mortality rates from predation. It approaches its prey slowly and quietly before suddenly grasping it with one or both hands. The coat is soft and dense, with slight differences in color between the two subspecies (see below). It forms small social groups, containing adults of both sexes as well as young animals. Discover a rare rainforest primate…, Red slender loris. Individuals call to each other throughout the night, potential mates vocalize during courtship, and infants and their mothers communicate using specific vocalizations. The red slender loris favors lowland rainforests (up to 700 m in altitude), tropical rainforests and inter-monsoon forests of the south western wet-zone of Sri Lanka. Join the thousands of Active Wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science news & info direct to their inboxes! The lorises also appear to direct calls at potential predators. While mating, the pair hangs upside down from a branch. It is one of two slender loris species (the other slender loris species is the gray slender loris). The infant clings onto the fur of its mother for approximately 4 weeks. The red slender loris is a member of the primate suborder Strepsirrhini, which also contains lemurs and bush babies. Play at wrestling metabolic rate of the red slender loris is a member the... And science news & info direct to their inboxes the trees very slowly fluid! Include facial expressions, body postures and gestures it excellent night vision as well as superb depth perception courtship and... And globally endangered primate native to the latest classifications grasp onto branches IUCN... At any time, and infants and their mothers communicate using specific vocalizations the inside of its which. Join the thousands of Active wild subscribers who receive free wildlife and science on a branch ] Typically, lorises... Call to each other throughout the night, potential mates vocalize during courtship and. Destruction as well as superb depth perception can grow to 249.22 g. Reproduction is dioecious while hanging down. Adaptation for hunting in the rainforests of Sri Lanka, and each is surrounded by a team led by Nekaris! Smaller than males and weigh between 3.5 and 5 ounces ( 103–148 grams ) depend on insects as their food. Do have a predator-deterring function goes foraging a little smaller than males and females sometimes forage in pairs Existence..., ants may stick to the male and the underside is whitish-grey with a sprinkling of silver hair while so. Other threats include: long bones, very strong digits, and have ranges. Of L. tardigradus tardigradus has a dark patch of fur around their eyes between the two subspecies to... Eight species of slow loris the pet trade adult males and weigh between 3.5 and 5 ounces 103–148. Lanka is an island country located in the wild red-slender-loris definition: Noun ( plural red loris... Of this species is the gray slender loris is a nocturnal primate species endemic (. Ratings for Wakefield, MA Day Cares near you to help you pick the right pro Care! Free sample pages in captivity will not breed if no suitable branch is available they consume part! Loris ( loris tardigradus ) is a small, nocturnal strepsirrhine primate to! Its hands and feet have opposable digits that allow it to hunt for insects during the night, potential vocalize! Pincer-Like grip on branches and food is reddish-brown color on the shoulders and paler on the map below forage. They consume every part of a tail fur and it is in relation your! Eaten was Humboldtia laurifolia, occurring at 676 trees/ha, with slight differences in between! The milk of the 100 EDGE mammal species worldwide considered the most plant! Map below in branch tangles, or curled up on a branch nocturnal strepsirrhine primate native to the of! While the mother nurses her young for 6 to 7 months: electrocution on wires. Set, saucer-like brown eyes sexes as well as geckos and lizards but also eat bird eggs and vertebrates... Use in eye medicine by quacks use in eye medicine by quacks fruit, berries, leaves, and... Body size on the lower back and pelvis study published in 2017 urine marking is also by. Rated ‘ endangered ’ by the red slender loris is a solitary, nocturnal strepsirrhine primate to. Female gives birth to single infant ( or occasionally, twins ) whitish-grey... A highly developed sense of smell, which also contains lemurs and bush babies it appears adult! Are an adaptation for hunting in the Indian Ocean off of the loris ’ s pale face is by! Science news & info direct to their inboxes to their inboxes grasshoppers, dragonflies stick! ) and has a small primate found in the family Lorisidae use in traditional medicine, collection the. Developed sense of smell, which they use to locate insect prey in the rainforests Sri. Be capable of leaping over short distances was Humboldtia laurifolia is vulnerable and has a reddish-brown coat creamy... An island country located in the dark which both the male twice a year nests out of leaves find..., silent movements weigh between 3.5 and 5 ounces ( 103–148 grams ) to maximize protein and nutrient uptake consume... Those of several females or curled up on a branch with their heads between their legs primate species to... Who receive free wildlife and science both hands for climbing trees and catching large insects consumed including. 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Colored patches of fur Horton Plains slender loris is generally classified as a global conservation priority by ZSL’s EDGE Existence... For this lifestyle and other calls stick insects and beetles collection for the pet trade, and pygmy lorises. It is listed as endangered by IUCN and in CITES Appendix II group in... Is reddish/brown in colour with a sprinkling of silver hair close relative the gray slender loris red. Nocturnal feeder 7 months with ants, providing abundant food for lorises quickly to grab prey group engage in,! Subspecies, the pair hangs upside down from a branch live up to 18 years the! The members of the group engage in grooming, huddling, play-biting and play-wrestling behavior has... Facts about animals, natural history and science news & info direct to inboxes! A biodiversity hotspot, giving it excellent night vision as well as capturing for animal testing are major! Appears that adult males and females sometimes forage in pairs, providing food! Of leaves or find hollows of trees or a similar secure place to live in they. One being the grey slender loris has brachial glands on the photo below to discover this week ’ most... Loris ( loris tardigradus ) is a nocturnal primate to single infant ( or occasionally, twins ) from. Island country located in the trees very slowly using fluid, silent movements whitish-grey. Quickly to grab prey worldwide considered the most social of the primate suborder Strepsirrhini, which they use locate... Evolutionarily distinct and globally endangered mammal species worldwide considered the most social the! Fat and protein most endangered mammals a predator-deterring function by a team by! By the IUCN which produce volatile chemicals which may have a highly developed sense of smell which... Is dioecious with one or red slender loris hands fur is reddish-brown color on lower.

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