Savannah River as Viewed from City Hall, circa 1915, possibly by William Henry Jackson. [viii]. Forging the unknown tides of the sea and of social change, Captain Spencer and his wife Lillian dedicated themselves to bettering the lives of others. Eventually, Captain Spencer returned to Savannah and followed his father’s footsteps to became the Savannah port master pilot from 1917-1947 (Figure 3). Photograph of Frank W. Spencer’s twin sons by his first wife, Otelia, inscribed “Copied for Mrs. Frank Spencer,” Foltz Photography Studio, 1360-24-16-07. The last cotton office on the waterfront closed in 1956. [i] Robert, Strozier. He was also appointed general manager and treasurer of The Atlantic Towing Company in 1920. Located between Bay Street and River Street is a series of iron and concrete walkways, known as Factors Walk, connecting the buildings to the bluff. The stones originated in a number of exotic locales including Madeira Island, Spain, Canada, France and the British Isles. A person was explaining what we were seeing including the different cranes for freight and ships. [x] This poem was written by Frank W. Spencer, details of publication or any further information are unknown. Jan 15, 2014 - Explore Dave Scheuer's board "Historic Savannah Old Photos" on Pinterest. The Port of Savannah, founded in 1733, acted as one of the largest eastern ports of North America, and exported the first bale of cotton from the colonies to England in 1764. In June of 1977, at a cost of $7 million, a new waterfront plaza was unveiled. and mutual assistance among property owners and businesses along the waterfront. She was a social worker and an instrumental member of the local chapter of the League of Women Voters. [i] Though he is not well-known, Frank W. Spencer was an important person in Savannah’s history because of his improvements and management of the Savannah River and Port, his community leadership, and most notably his Civil Rights activism. The Port of Savannah exported more loaded containers than any other port in the country from January-May 2020, achieving a 12.2 percent market share. is a non-profit organization dedicated to the promotion, preservation and Its facilities for oceangoing vessels line both sides of the Savannah River approximately 18 miles (29 km) from the Atlantic Ocean. Custodial History. The port is located within 300 miles of 34.6 million residents, 11 major metro areas, eight major international airports and five major ports. See more ideas about historic savannah, savannah chat, old photos. Savannah would become the first city of Georgia. Create your own Natural Bath Products at Nourish on River Street! Swanson, Yon. Though countless ships and tourists have docked and walked along River Street, there is one man who was a leader on the Waterfront, and was a living metaphor for the city’s progress. 3. The waterfront has always played an important role in Georgia, whether as a colonial port, exporter of cotton, or tourist destination. Courtesy of Georgia Historical Society. Formed in 1973 as a I found out then that it is the man himself who counts. The Waterfront. Savannah’s Waterfront (Savannah, GA: 1966). Cotton and rice quickly become the new colony’s money crops and Savannah becomes one of the leading cotton-shipping ports … On this 90-minute tour, you get to experience a working port as it should be seen — from the water. Law, W.W., Interview by Clifford Kuhn & Timothy Crimmins, “Series E. Black Involvement in Politics, Georgia Government Documentation Project” Special Collections and Archives, Georgia State University Library, Atlanta. [ii] After studying navigation and seamanship at New York Nautical College, Spencer had a notable career at sea. The … Savannah’s Waterfront has been integral to the social and economic development of the city (Figure 1). PORT OF SAVANNAH The single largest and fastest-growing container terminal in America. There is the Frank W. Spencer Elementary School (Figure 7), dedicated in 1955, which was originally opened as a school for African-American children, and the Frank W. Spencer Boat Ramp Park for fishing and recreation (Figure 8), located on highway 80 between downtown Savannah and Tybee Island. The city of Savannah, Georgia, the largest city and the county seat of Chatham County, Georgia, was established in 1733 and was the first colonial and state capital of Georgia. His philosophy is best summarized in one of his own poems, titled “The Savannah.”. Georgia Historical Society Archives MS 1928. “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. Acquisition Information. Spencer Started Career at Sea Fifty Years Ago This Week” The Savannah Tribune, March 31, 1949. other stakeholders the organization was created to: 322 E Factors Walk, Savannah, GA 31401 Tracing Map of the Savannah River by Captain Frank W. Spencer, 1952, MS1361MP608, Map No. The Savannah Waterfront historical marker was dedicated on February 12, 2001. 5. [vii] Harriet Killorin, “His Time Has Come.” Georgia Gazette and Journal Record, August 6, 1979, “A Second Opinion” Section, “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. Transcript available: http://digitalcollections.library.gsu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/ggdp/id/4299, (pages 136-157). Interview by Beverley Duncan-Edleman, Caroline Hopkinson, and the Author. “The White Problem” Savannah Morning News, October 17, 1963. The largest container ship to ever service the Eastern Coast of the United States arrived in Savannah, Georgia on September 18, 2020. Spencer was born in 1882 and raised in Savannah. Captain Frank W. Spencer’s legacy is one of peace and prosperity. The following essay is by SCAD student Ava Pandiani, 2015. November 15-16 1990. The Port of Savannah is a major U. S. seaport located at Savannah, Georgia. [ix] “New Negro School is Dedicated.” Savannah Evening Press, November 21, 1955, “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. Armstrong Atlantic State University, Lane Library. 8. This was particularly beneficial for the Savannah Sugar Refinery Company, because ships could then sail all the way up the river into Port Wentworth. Savannah became its first city. In Spencer’s archives, there is a venomous hate letter directed at him and Dr. Lillian Smith- an unfortunate reminder of the turbulence and hate during that era. Image Courtesy of Georgia Historical Society. This excursion begins with a scenic view of Savannah’s Historic Riverfront and then ventures upriver to the Georgia Ports Authority. Image Courtesy of Lane Library Special Collections, Armstrong Atlantic State University, Folder 80. [iv] Frank W. Spencer, The Waterfront Savannah, Georgia: 1966. Condition is "Used". View the Savannah Waterfront historical marker listing. The GPA operates one other Atlantic seaport in Georgia, the Port of Brunswick, located at Robert, Strozier. Georgia Historical Society Archives MS 1928 and “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. 1733 – Gen. James Edward Oglethorpe and 114 colonists land on what is then known as Yamacraw Bluff on the Savannah River and establish Savannah and the new colony of Georgia. hello@savannahswaterfront.com. Among his exploits, he once transported soldiers to Cuba on a tugboat during the Spanish-American war. Armstrong Atlantic State University, Lane Library. FY2018 had the highest volume in the Port of Savannah’s history. Even more impressive is that this record is breaking in the midst […] [iv]. View the Savannah Waterfront historical marker listing. After his successful career at sea, Spencer was so highly regarded in the community that he was asked to serve on various boards and in leadership roles. Officially, Savannah’s recorded history is said to have begun in 1733, which is when General James Oglethorpe and his 120 passengers landed along the Savannah River. The first commercial house below the bluff opened in 1744. Frank Spencer’s contributions to the betterment of the Savannah river and ports earn him a place in history, but his efforts on behalf of children and African-American communities extends his impact far beyond the city limits and his own lifetime. 7. A few decades after the founding of Savannah, it proved a strategic port city in the American Revolution and during the American Civil War. Shipped with USPS Priority Mail. 4. In the 1700s it was the main location for goods coming into the city and by the mid-1800s Savannah was the leading exporter of cotton in the world. We Work Harder for You The Port of Savannah’s global carrier network, superior location and faster-to-market service record provide vital links to international markets. Courtesy of Ava Pandiani. Courtesy of Ava Pandiani. The still-standing Savannah Cotton Exchange set world commodity prices on many occasions, and the damage caused by two devastating fires in 1796 and 1820 was repaired promptly on each occasion. The History of the Port of Savannah From it’s beginning as a riverside commercial district, the Port of Savannah fueled the progress of an up-and-coming region. 1900-1962. The Port of Savannah is an important industrial seaport and the seat of Chatham County. Spencer Started Career at Sea Fifty Years Ago This Week” The Savannah Tribune, March 31, 1949. Historic River Street is situated along the Savannah River where the colony of Georgia was founded in 1733 and the location of the original Port of Savannah. The Port of Savannah moved 8.6% of total U.S. containerized loaded cargo volume and more than 19% of the East Coast container trade. This final American colony was named Georgia after King George II of England. Killorin, Harriet. Factors Walk, Bay Street and Hutchinson Island. Savannah will set another record on Friday as the largest container ship to ever dock on the east coast calls on the Port of Savannah. The Air Quality Improvement Action Plan for Savannah’s Near-Port Communities, which addresses community concerns through tangible action steps; and Increased trust and expanded partnerships between community leaders, the City of Savannah, GPA and port-related, industry and agency partners. Spencer, Frank W. Savannah: The River and The Port. See below for a live map of ship positions in Savannah, schedules for vessels arriving (port calls), the list of ships currently in port, a company register and a local weather forecast. Eventually, a land-sea force of French and American troops reclaimed the city’s independence. 912.234.0295 public interest in the waterfront, Promote cooperation Georgia Historical Society Archives MS 1928 and “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. 1. Freight shipments became an important segment of the local economy towards the close of World War II. From a non-smoking home. Georgia Historical Society Archives MS 1928 and “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. ATLANTA -- The Port of Savannah set a record for containerized cargo volume in October, the Georgia Ports Authority reported Monday. The hand-laid cobblestones that pave the ramps leading from Bay Street down the bluff to River Street were originally used as ballast material on the many ships that sailed into Savannah’s harbor. Savannah Waterfront This Hidden History was created by SCAD student Ava Pandiani as part of her SCAD art history department coursework with guidance from art history professor Holly Goldstein, Ph.D., 2015. A small copy of this poem with the author listed as Frank Spencer was found in a folder with various poems recited at his funeral service. Courtesy of Ava Pandiani. [vi] Spencer created a hand-traced map in 1954 that lovingly illustrates the Savannah River and its tributaries (Figure 4). non-profit charitable organization composed of proprietors, property owners and Despite a ban on African slavery in early Georgia, enslaved people and slavery were an integral part of the colony's development. Historic River Street is situated along the Savannah River where the colony of Georgia was founded in 1733 and the location of the original Port of Savannah. The Savannah Waterfront historical marker was dedicated on February 12, 2001. Port Location: Savannah: Port Name: Port of Savannah: Port Authority: Georgia Ports Authority: Address: P.O. Gift of Georgia Department of Archives and History, 1972 (Items 3, 4); Miss Caroline Woodbridge, Unknown (Item 5). Oglethorpe decided to name the 13th and final American colony “Georgia” after King George II of England. [vi] “Spencer to Resign Atlantic Towing Post.” Savannah Morning News, Evening Press, December 10, 1967, Section C. Georgia Historical Society Archives MS 1928. View the Savannah Waterfront historical marker listing. The Ocean Network Express vessel Stork sails up river past historic downtown Savannah on its maiden voyage to the Port of Savannah. This tour includes lessons in History, Logistics, World Economics, Bio Eco Systems and Tech Engineering works of wonder. May 4, 2015. “His Time Has Come” Georgia Gazette and Journal Record, August 6, 1979, “A Second Opinion” Section, “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. The Port of Savannah History . The … In her 1979 profile of Spencer, journalist Harriet Killorin’s description was less than endearing, “He was not a lovable man children did not clamber onto his lap. Frank W. Spencer Elementary School, 2015. This Hidden History was created by SCAD student Ava Pandiani as part of her SCAD art history department coursework with guidance from art history professor Holly Goldstein, Ph.D., 2015. Savannah settlers found the stones to be an affordable and abundant building material and used them throughout the Historic District. We cruised up river a ways and then back down past the Old Fort Jackson and then returned to the dock. He also established a local chapter of “Sea Scouts,” a special section of the boy scouts organization that focuses on sailing and boat navigation (Figure 5). 6. (Savannah, GA: 1962). Some 80,000 square feet of empty abandoned warehouse space was transformed into a variety of shops, restaurants, bars and art galleries. There is a history we hear most often, of a city founded in 1733 along the Savannah River, laid out in squares by founder General James Oglethorpe. Though he had two sons (Figure 6) and three daughters by his first wife, Otelia, Spencer was a seemingly unlikely advocate for children. Then in 1970s the area was redeveloped by local landowners and urban planners determined to revive the history and prosperity of Savannah’s Waterfront. 2. 95016403. He was the son of Savannah’s port master pilot, a title that indicates the highest authority for navigating vessels in the harbor. The ships collected chert, quartz, granite, basalt and other rocks from their initial locations and deposited the stones upon unloading in Savannah. Recognizing an Imperfect Past: A History and Race Initiative, Vincent J. Dooley Distinguished Fellows Program. That's the year General James Oglethorpe and the 120 passengers of the good ship "Anne" landed on a bluff high along the Savannah River in February. Claughton expanded the company and added an additional riverboat, the 550 passenger Georgia Queen. Savannah's recorded history begins in 1733. According to Dr. Robert Strozier, a longtime fellow education board member and friend of Captain Spencer’s, times were turbulent and threats of violence were common. The port handled 10% of all U.S. containerized exports in … This record-breaking port call comes on the heels of the Georgia Port Authority’s efforts to expand capacity and extent of operations. The file is part of the Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987 in the Lane Library Special Collections, Armstrong Atlantic State University, Savannah, GA. “Capt. The Colored History of Skidaway Island - Savannah, GA - As you might have guessed Skidaway Island is currently 97.57% white. the waterfront’s scenic nature and appearance, Promote and stimulate In harmony with two of his greatest passions, equal education and the river, two major sites in Savannah are named for him. The Port of Savannah, the nation’s largest port in volume, contains over 50 piers, wharves, and docks. With its port and economy booming through cotton, Savannah's new-found wealth created lavish mansions and civil buildings across the city. “New Negro School is Dedicated” Savannah Evening Press, November 21, 1955, “Frank W. and Lillian Spencer Collection, 1921-1987,” Armstrong Atlantic State University Lane Library Special Collections. R Bolton Smith Port Of Savannah Historic River St Framed Souvenir Print 8x10. Frank And Lillian Spencer, date and creator unknown. Terrific Tour of the Port of Savannah This is the only way to see the nations busiest seaport. Foltz Photography Studio, 1360-22-16-03. Interview by Beverley Duncan-Edleman, Caroline Hopkinson, and the Author. [iii] In his autobiographical monograph, The Waterfront, Spencer describes one particularly rough night off the coast of Cape Horn that formed his belief in human equality. But much of his concern was for the welfare of children.” [vii] It seems that it was his second wife, Lillian, who was the driving force that encouraged his activism. Georgia Historical Society Archives MS 1928. [v] “Capt. The Port of Savannah is about 91 nautical miles (135 kilometers or 84 miles direct) southwest of the Port of Charleston, South Carolina. The history of Savannah is, well, complicated. We got a wonderful view of the port of Savannah, the historic buildings at the dock, and Old Fort Jackson. Frank and Lillian Spencer were both very politically active and were most passionate about the integration of schools. Courtesy of Georgia Historical Society. In the 1700s it was the main location for goods coming into the city and by the mid-1800s Savannah was the leading exporter of cotton in the world. May 4, 2015. [ix] He is also one of only a few white social equality supporters mentioned in a video and exhibit at The Ralph Gilbert Mark Civil Rights Museum in Savannah. This urban-renewal project helped stabilize downtown and was a large part of the revitalization of Savannah’s Historic District. This is well documented in correspondence with Civil Rights and NAACP leaders such as Dr. Lillian Smith, Vice President Hubert Humphrey, Judge J. Waites Waring, and W.W. Law. Old Town Trolley Holiday Lights & Sights Tour, Preserve and maintain Frank W. Spencer Boat Ramp Park, 2015. Everyman on board volunteered to make the rescue in small boats… It was at that moment, that I realized that a man’s color or country, or what he believes does not prove his courage and ability. In a chaotic moment of character, Spencer describes his epiphany: There were 17 different races, religions, and nationalities represented in the crew. In 1778, the British took Savannah and held it until 1782. Sea Scouts on Coast Guard Ship “Yamacraw,” 1933. Scope and Content Note This collection consists of manifests of slaves shipped from Savannah to various ports. Five feet two inches tall, with a low resonant voice, Captain Frank W. Spencer was a fascinating combination of tugboat captain and philanthropist (Figure 2). Founded beside the banks of the Savannah River in 1733, the City of Savannah has served as an important U.S. naval port for centuries. The ship holds 14,000 TEU and can only access Savannah because of the harbor expansion. The people who set the prices for cotton and many other exports were called Factors, which is how this area got its name. the waterfront’s historic character, Maintain and improve An efficient way for visitors to learn about Savannah’s history and culture is to hop on a Trolley tour, where you’ll navigate through the city streets by a guided expert. A German boat was sinking and had called for rescue. The Waterfront Historic Marker and Tourists on River Street, 2015. The CMA CGM … As a representation, he was the three time head of the Chatham Area Boy Scout Council, he was a board member of the Greenbriar Children’s Center and the West Broad Street YMCA, and most notably he served for eighteen years on the Education Board. Item 1 from the Papers of James Vallence Bevan. The four and five story buildings along the waterfront were cotton warehouses. Eleven years after James Oglethorpe settled the area in 1733, the first ocean-going ships docked at the wharves of Savannah. This riverboat served him, and his guests,w ell as he and his crew welcomed those in Savannah to learn the history of this great port city. http://digitalcollections.library.gsu.edu/cdm/ref/collection/ggdp/id/4299. Oglethorpe named the 13th and final American colony "Georgia" after England's King George II. In 1997,after six years of success, Capt. “Ships in Savannah” Savannah Morning News, Evening Press, April 6, 1969, Magazine Section. Port of Savannah Five Year History for the Top 10 Export Commodity Groups (Calendar Year) Top 10 Import Commodity Groups: 6/17/2019: 116.09 KB: Port of Savannah Five Year History for the Top 10 Import Commodity Groups (Calendar Year) Top 10 Export Trade Lanes: 6/17/2019: 116.82 KB ATLANTA — The Port of Savannah set a record for containerized cargo volume in October, the Georgia Ports Authority reported Monday. the port of Savannah has historical transnational importance as a receiver of enslaved West Africans during the late eighteenth century. Very nice print framed at Michael's Arts and Crafts. success of the restaurants, retail shops, tours and hotels along River Street, Preferred Citation [item identification],Port of Savannah records, MS 704, Georgia Historical Society, Savannah, Georgia. Great piece to remember a trip to Savannah, Georgia. The Port of Savannah is a medium port in United States. [v] He is noted for his management of the river, including using I-beams for cost effective spot dredging and opening up a new channel in the upper part of the river to allow access further inland for larger ships. “Spencer to Resign Atlantic Towing Post” Savannah Morning News, Evening Press, December 10, 1967, Section C. Georgia Historical Society Archives MS 1928. 1 of 20 Courtesy of Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, LC-D401-72464. In 1963, Spencer demanded change in public opinion and behavior with the publication of his article “The White Problem” in Savannah Morning News. Box 2406 Savannah, GA 31402 United States Operated by the Georgia Ports Authority (GPA), the Port of Savannah competes primarily with the Port of Charleston in Charleston, South Carolina to the northeast, and the Port of Jacksonville in Jacksonville, Florida to the south. River, two major sites in Savannah tour of the Savannah Tribune, March 31, 1949 LC-D401-72464... 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