Dried forage products, such as hay, chaff and beet pulp, also provide many important nutrients for health as well as up to 70% of a horse’s energy requirements. It is the fourth most widely grown crop in the United States and is the only forage species produced and sold in every state. Horses in this study ate 1.5% to 1.8% of their bodyweight in teff hay, with the lower intakes being on the more mature hay. In winter grass is dormant, and hay will be needed. Nutrition. Performance horses in heavy work often benefit from legume hay that can provide calories and … This equation works for ponies and full size horses. This means that grass hay, not alfalfa hay, is a more dangerous food for an obese horse, or a horse with laminitis concerns. Horses can easily digest nonstructural carbohydrates, mostly in the small intestine. Seed hay is taken from pasture grown especially for hay making from grass seed, has a higher nutritional value than meadow hay, and is lighter in colour. Pasture or hay is the main ingredient of the diet of almost all horses. The Hay Chart. Reed canarygrass is a tall, leafy, high-yielding cool-season perennial grass. It is cut, cured, and baled. Oat hulls are a source of furfural , and oat flour has been used as a food preservative in ice cream and other dairy products. The following alphabetic chart provides nutritional data for common forages. When you rely on it too much, you can create some significant nutritional imbalances in a horse’s diet.” Beet pulp, for instance is low in phosphorus compared to its calcium content. EquiMed Staff - 05/04/2017 Nutrition. ... needs additional protein and hard feed or whether just supplementing with minerals will be sufficient to cover all your horses nutritional needs. Equi-analytical.com and safergrass.org would be a good starter, the latter especially for you founder-prone horse. Many horse owners feed grass hay or straight alfalfa or a combination of grass and alfalfa to their horses. Teff hay for horses pros and cons the horse untitled teff grass for forage nitrogen and irrigation requirements osu 10 reasons why all equestrians should consider teff hay … Not only is timothy hay very palatable, but it also has excellent nutritional value for horses, especially if it is harvested at the correct stage of growth. Fall has a rise in sugars but general nutrition goes down. Nutritional Value for Horses. Meadow hay is taken from permanent pasture and may contain a wider variety of grasses than seed hay as well as clover, herbs and wild flowers. Hay can be long-stemmed in hay bales. Muller ∗, P. Uden (2007) *Department of Animal Nutrition and Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences As can be seen from the table, some nutrients don’t vary much as their levels are determined more by the grass species than the conservation technique. However, barley hay should never be fed to horses. "The nutritional value will be depended on the stage of maturity the crop was at harvest" Coleman said. Not much is known, however, about the nutritional value of perennial peanut for horses. The Equine Science Society is a group of equine scientists specializing in nutrition, exercise physiology, reproductive physiology, genetics, bioscience, production and management and teaching and extension. The latter is something completely different, with no nutritional value for livestock. Providing appropriate amounts and Selenium, in particular, is of concern to horse owners. These two studies found perennial peanut hay to be very similar to alfalfa in digestible energy, as well as Sugar beet pulp is a popular by-product feed used in horse diets because it provides fiber similar to the fiber in hay and has a digestible energy content similar to oats. Subtract that from your horse’s usual hay ration. [Note: Hay runs about 90% dry matter, 10% moisture, so 4.43 kg of hay DM = 4.43/0.9 = 4.9 kg as fed.] The chief value of oats remains as a pasturage and hay crop, especially for horses. Any of the common hays discussed above can be fed to horses, but what's most important is nutrient value in relation to the cost of the hay. Again, this is a good thing as horses on restricted diets are unlikely to eat this hay as fast as more palatable hays like alfalfa, so they should eat … value.Well-preserved alfalfa hay should be the foundation of a feeding program for young growing horses, recreational horses, and active horses.This publica-tion describes the horse’s digestive system and nutritional needs and how to select alfalfa hay. Meadow hay. Of course, hay kept in storage for a long time will lose its field-fresh smell, but that will not affect its protein or energy nutritional value. Nutrition Proper feeding practices for foals, adult horses, ... mature horses. 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